Massage can come in two forms (soft tissue and deep tissue) with the main purpose being to manipulate the soft tissue structures of the body which include muscle, tendon, ligament and connective tissue. The benefits of massage are well documented and include reducing muscle tension, increasing joint flexibility and muscle length, improve recovery time of soft tissue injuries and improve blood flow.
Trigger point release is a technique where pressure is applied by the physiotherapist to a known trigger point within the muscle until it softens and releases. The myofascial trigger point is a hyperirritable nodule along a taut band of skeletal muscle which is regularly identified by physiotherapists on palpation. These trigger points can be either latent or active with either one causing reduced functional capacity of healthy muscle.